Many of our readers are creative people. They are interested in experiments, they are attracted by the thirst for new and untested. They are happy to share their experiences, and are always willing to learn about the unusual methods of growing vegetables that others use. We have carefully analyzed their experience and compiled a small selection of interesting ideas. It is about interesting ways of breeding cucumbers.
The cultivation of cucumber seedlings in an egg shell
Someone sow’s cucumber seeds immediately in the open ground, and someone prefers to grow seedlings first, and then plant it on the bed. To ensure that the seedlings are not injured during transplantation (in this case, almost 100% survival rate is ensured), each seed must be sown separately. But where to get so many special pots for seedlings? However, our smart and economical summer residents found a way out. They use eggshells as containers for seedlings. For 2-3 months before planting seeds, gardeners collect eggshells, and in the spring, they begin using it.
After emptying the egg, be sure to wash the eggshell and dry it thoroughly. Only in this form can it be safely preserved until the spring.
Before sowing the seeds, fill the shells with the seedling mixture, pour and drop the cucumber seed there. When the time comes to plant seedlings in a permanent place, make a small hole in the bottom of the shell and, without breaking it, plant the seedlings on the bed.
Growing cucumbers in barrels
What is the main problem of many amateur gardeners? There are a lot of ideas and desires-there is not enough land. How do I grow as many crops as possible and get the best possible yield on a small area?
For example, growing cucumbers in a barrel. You can use metal and plastic, and wooden barrels, which were previously used, for example, for pickling cucumbers. The two main advantages of this method of growing – the container can be placed in any suitable place, and it occupies a very small area.
Lay the bottom of the barrel with branches and dry or rotted leaves. Add a few tens of centimeters of organic fertilizer to the top (we recommend sawdust and a layer of earth with litter from the chicken coop). Next, pour a layer of soil mixed with humus, leaving about 20-30 cm of free space at the top. Pour the soil with a slightly pink solution of potassium permanganate, plant cucumber seeds and cover them with a layer of humus. After that, cover the barrel with a wrap, creating a greenhouse microclimate effect inside. Each time after watering, return the wrap to its place – and continue until the cucumbers grow to the top of the «bed».
When growing cucumbers in such a way you need to water them frequently. Therefore, we recommend installing a barrel bed near a water source.
In such conditions, seedlings will grow faster, and your «barrel» cucumbers will quickly overtake their counterparts from ordinary beds. In addition, with this method of cultivation, you do not even have to tie up cucumbers, because the lashes will hang freely from a high barrel. As a result, the fruits are always clean, and it is much easier to collect them than on horizontal beds.
Growing cucumbers in bags (black bags)
Not everyone has unnecessary old barrels. But if you have a desire – there is always a solution. For example, you can also use a vertical method of growing cucumbers, but instead of barrels, use bags. This can be as plastic bags for construction waste (they are more durable than ordinary bags for household garbage) or bags made of polypropylene.
Compared to barrels, bags have two notable drawbacks:
- you will not be able to move a bag with several tens of liters of earth to another place without damaging the root system of the plant, because the walls of the container are soft;
- in bags, moisture from the soil evaporates very quickly, and you constantly need to make sure that the roots of plants do not dry out.
If you decide to grow cucumbers in bags, prepare the following materials:
- a high stick or a bar — a support on which cucumber lashes will be dragged;
- small-diameter plastic tubes in which you need to make many holes – this is a system for watering your future «beds».
Immediately place the bags in a sunny place. Put a support in the center of each bag and water pipes around it.
You can use one trick and combine the support with the irrigation system. To do this, take a very strong plastic pipe, make holes in it and install it in the center of the bag.
After that, start filling the containers with soil mixed with compost or humus. Carefully pour everything and sow the cucumber seeds. As in the previous version, cover everything with a wrap so that the seeds will sprout faster.
In the future, watering should be carried out by tubes. The water comes out through the holes made in the tube and goes directly to the roots of plants. It turns out a kind of drip irrigation system. Tubes can also be used for liquid feedings.
Growing cucumbers in warm beds
Warm, or, as they are also called, high beds are gaining more and more popularity among fans of organic farming, as well as those who like to experiment in their garden. This is not surprising, because, in fact, such a bed is a natural «heating pad» for plants.
What is a warm bed?
Warm is called a bed filled with plant residues (branches, leaves, grass, etc.), which, when decomposed, release heat and warm the roots of plants. This heat helps plants grow better and tolerate temperature changes. In addition, the decomposition of organic matter contributes to the formation of nutrients.
Warm beds can be made in spring and autumn. The only difference is that in the autumn period on the site is much more suitable plant material that can fill the bed (for example, fallen leaves). When placing such a bed on your site, orient it from East to West, give preference to a well-lit place.
Due to the principle of the device, warm beds have a lot of advantages over traditional beds:
- Minimal labor costs: these beds are easy to manufacture, they do not need to be dug up and re-cut.
- Efficient disposal of plant waste: almost all organic waste remaining after gardening or site cleaning can be used to fill warm beds.
- Already in early spring, you can plant seedlings in such beds (organic matter, which is filled with warm beds, when decomposed, releases heat and warms the earth very quickly).
- There is no need for organic fertilizer, since the «filling» of such beds provides plants with the necessary nutrients throughout the season.
- Faster maturation and higher yield.
On average, the service life of a warm bed is about 4 years. If you are wondering:» what to plant in a warm bed?», then here are the recommendations of experienced gardeners:
- in the first year, heat-loving plants will grow well: cucumber, pumpkin, zucchini, patisson;
- in the second year, you can plant the same crops or cabbage, tomatoes;
- in the third year, the conditions are also ideal for potatoes, carrots, beans, peppers, and beets;
- the fourth year is the time for undemanding plants, such as peas or greens.
When the warm bed «serves its purpose», remove the contents, fill it with new biofuel and you can continue to use this fruit of organic gardening achievement for several more years.
What kind of warm beds are there?
The general principle of the device of warm beds is filling with organic materials, which, while decomposing, emit heat and nutrients for plants. Below are some of the most common types of warm beds.
A deepened warm bed, or organic trench, involves digging a trench at least 40 cm deep and consistently filling it with organic matter (1st layer: branches, stems, paper; 2nd layer: sawdust, tops, rotten fruits and vegetables, turf; 3rd: grass, fallen leaves). The top layer of such a bed either protrudes slightly above the ground, or is mounded level with it.
Plus of the garden-trench – it needs to be watered less often than a regular bed. Hence the disadvantage: this is not an appropriate option for places with a close location of groundwater. Gardeners from the Northern regions offer to put closed plastic bottles on the bottom of the trench to get a heat-insulating layer. This will help the bed to keep warm longer.
To protect a warm bed from rodents, lay a fine mesh wire on the bottom of the trench.
If you decide to move the warm beds to another place, and you no longer need plastic or other inorganic waste used for thermal insulation, be sure to dig them out of the ground and dispose of them (take them to special reception points).
Another type of warm beds – high beds in boxes (baskets). Usually the box for a warm bed is made of wooden boards. The advantage of a high bed is that the ground is faster and better warmed by the sun, and the plants will be protected from flooding.
The bed-box is placed on a flat area. First, set the sides (box), so that the width of the bed was 100-120 cm (length is arbitrary). Then lay out layers: cardboard, sand, coarse plant residues, tops. The top layer is garden land (10 cm).
As you can see, a warm bed made by your own hands is an achievable task, but as we have figured out the design of the box, then the answer to the question «What to put first at the bottom of the bed-box?» remain open.
Holzer’s bed (bed-hill, hilly ridge)
Sepp Holzer is a well-known Austrian expert in environmental agriculture. Its method of manufacture is to warm the raised beds are popular along with other known methods.
A hilly bed is a great option for those who want to increase the useful area in the garden, because the surface used for growing plants is larger than the base of such a bed.
The hill-bed looks like an embankment with the middle raised to a height of 80-120 cm. The length of such a bed is arbitrary, the width is 1.5 m, the angle of inclination is 60-70 degrees. The first layer (bark, branches, boards) is laid out in a recess (30 cm), smaller organic matter is placed on top (as in other warm beds), the third layer is made of straw, foliage, compost. In fact, the principle of filling all types of warm beds is the same.
To avoid sprouting weeds, cover warm beds with spunbond or other similar material in the fall.
Our reader Jessica grows cucumbers in warm beds. According to his observations, the yield with this method of breeding is 2 times higher.
To create a warm bed, dig a hole about 30 cm deep (on the bayonet of a shovel). Fill the bottom with organic fertilizer mixed with straw. Add a layer of fertile land on top. Due to the fact that the bed rises above the soil surface, it needs bumpers. They can be made from wood, brick, stone, etc. Water the garden and sow cucumber seeds. After sowing, set the arcs and pull the wrap over the bed.
The device of warm beds is quite a time-consuming process. However, difficulties do not stop those gardeners who care about the harvest, because the game is worth the candle. I will say that in addition to the correct planting of seeds, it is important to use organic fertilizers. Which allow you to get a good harvest. I use Potassium HUMATE. A little about it:
Potassium HUMATE: what is the magic fertilizer is it?
HUMATE is a natural and environmentally friendly fertilizer that is obtained from peat-rich minerals (potassium or sodium). The product is available in dry and liquid form. Concentrated solution is more in demand because of the ease of use. The product has a dark brown color. The substance should be diluted with water, depending on the purpose of use: to improve the overall condition of the soil, it is recommended to prepare a composition with a concentration of 0.1–0.2%; for root feeding, spraying or soaking seeds, a solution with a dosage of 0.01% is required. The use of the substance helps to remove nitrates from plants and fruits; the main property of the fertilizer is to stimulate plant growth. Its main action is directed to the roots. The drug promotes their development and strengthens the plant as a whole.
Potassium HUMATE has a number of useful properties: restores and improves soil characteristics; accelerates ripening time, fruit, seeds; increases yields; improves germination, strengthens root system; increases the immune system of the plant, its resistance to various diseases; reduces the amount of nitrates in fruits and reduces the need of plants in them; increases the shelf life of crops; increases endurance of plants to changes in temperature has a positive effect on all types of crops; is environmentally friendly and safe.
Potassium HUMATE is a multifunctional fertilizer that is widely used to improve soil characteristics, increase yields, etc. The product is natural. Many summer residents prefer it to properly and effectively care for plants on the site.
Instructions for the use of the drug for different types of crops can be read here https://siberian-health.us/?page_id=517