Peony bushes are good even without flowers. However, it is the lush inflorescences with their delicate aroma that make peonies the favorites of many gardeners. But not everyone can boast of a rich flowering. What is the reason? Most likely, in the absence of fertilizing.
If the planting pit was filled with the necessary amount of fertilizers, then during the first two years, peonies do not need additional fertilizing. You should start feeding them only from the third year. During the growing season peonies need four main feedings: 1. At the very beginning of the season. 2. During budding. 3. At the time of flowering. 4. After flowering.
First feeding of peonies
The first feeding of peonies is carried out in early spring, immediately after the red sprouts appear from the soil reach 8-10 cm. Its goal is to help the plant quickly form the right number of stems and leaves. For this purpose, nitrogen or nitrogen-containing fertilizers are used. The following options are available:
- Dilute 1 tbsp of ammonium nitrate in a bucket of water. The resulting volume is enough to feed one peony bush.
- Instead of ammonium nitrate, you can use urea, in which the nitrogen level is even higher. Scatter a matchbox of urea around the peony bush at a distance of about 20-30 cm and seal the substance into the soil to a depth of 7-9 cm.
- You can add a small amount of potash fertilizer to the nitrogen: under one bush, add 20-25 g of urea and 10-15 g of potassium sulphate.
Root feedings of peonies should be applied only in moist soil, so as not to burn the roots of the plant. Pour plenty of water on the Bush, and after a few hours, when the water is well absorbed, fertilize it.
People’s ways of fertilizing peonies:
Mineral fertilizers can be replaced with organic or use folk methods.
- The infusion of cow manure. Combine 1 part mullein with 5 parts water. Set the container in the sun and infuse for 7 days. Before usage, dilute in water in a ratio of 1:10. One bush is enough for 2 liters of such feeding
- In a half-liter jar of warm water, pour 100 g of sugar and dry yeast. Stir and leave for 2 hours in a warm place. After that, strain and dilute in water (half of the resulting yeast solution per 10 liters of water). Pour it over the bushes.
Second feeding of peonies
The second feeding of peonies is carried out when buds begin to appear on the bushes. Its purpose is to stimulate their formation, as well as to give the plant strength before flowering. During this period, peonies no longer need such a large amount of nitrogen, but the need for potassium and phosphorus increases. Based on these needs, feeding fo peonies during budding can be of the following composition: 10 g of urea, 15 g of potassium sulphate and 15-20 g of superphosphate mix, scatter around the plant and seal in the soil.
People’s ways of fertilizing peonies
As with the first fertilization, mineral fertilizers can also be replaced with organic.
- Infusion of mullein. To 10 liters of diluted mullein infusion (prepared in the same way as described above), add 1 liter of ash. Leave to infuse for an hour. After that, pour the bushes at the rate of 2 liters of infusion on the bush. Ash is a source of potassium and phosphorus (as well as calcium, magnesium and other trace elements), which are extremely necessary for peonies at this stage.
- Bread dressing. Cut half a loaf of any yeast bread into small pieces. Add a little sugar and pour 5 liters of warm water. Leave to infuse for several hours. Mash the swollen bread with your hands and pour the resulting mass over the peony bushes without straining.
Third feeding of peonies
The third feeding of peonies is carried out at the very beginning of flowering. Its goal is to maximize the duration of this important stage, for which, in fact, flowers are grown. Nitrogen during flowering plants are almost not required, but in potassium and phosphorus peonies still need. Feed the bushes during the flowering period 10-15 g of potassium sulphate and 15-20 g of superphosphate, sealing them in the ground. You can also carry out foliar feeding. To do it, take a full mineral fertilizer and spray it on the bushes according to the instructions.
Carrying out foliar feeding is better late in the evening or on a cloudy day. Otherwise, in those places where the fertilizer gets on the leaves, burns may form.
People’s ways of fertilizing peonies
For a more lush flowering, you can use boric acid and eggshells as feeding.
- Boric acid. Dissolve 5 g of boric acid in 1 liter of hot water. Bring the amount of solution to 10 l. This feeding is carried out on the leaves before flowering.
- There are many options for eggshell fertilizing. We suggest the following: take 10 dried shells, chop them and pour 1 liter of warm water. After about 2 weeks, the infusion will begin to exude a not very pleasant smell – this is a sign that the feeding is ready. Dilute it in a bucket of water and pour it over the ground around the peony bushes before flowering.
The fourth feeding of peonies
The fourth feeding of peonies is carried out after the plants have completely faded. Its purpose is to stimulate the appearance of replacement buds and help the plant recover after flowering to survive the winter safely. During this period, it is forbidden to add any doses of nitrogen — peonies need only potassium and especially phosphorus. Add 1 tbsp of superphosphate and 1/2 tbsp of potassium sulfate or any other potash fertilizer without chlorine to each plant.
And how do you achieve a lush flowering of peonies?
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