The gardeners are looking forward to summer to enjoy not only tasty vegetables and fruits, but also bright colors of fragrant garden flowers! Indeed, a rare garden or smallholding does without flower beds. Whatever they are — chic design beds or simple village compositions — everyone pleases the eye, turning places of rest into paradise. In this article, we will tell you how to create a beautiful flower garden with magnificently long blooming annuals.
Creating a flower garden — where to start?
We begin the arrangement of the flower garden with the drawing up of a plan. This must be done to understand what shape the flower garden will be, what size, and what flowers will grow there. Whether it will be a flower bed with a focus on the center, an asymmetric composition, or a ribbon with an amphitheater — in any case, everything needs to be thought out in advance.
In the future, a specific plan will help with buying seedlings or flower seeds. What is important is not to forget about the «zest» otherwise the flower garden will look ordinary. The «zest» can be anything — a neat decorative plant in the background or in the center, a high vase with a cascade of amphibious flowers or a cute garden sculpture.
It is important to choose the right place for the flowers in the garden. Most annuals love the sun, so the solar location is optimal for a flower bed. It would be great if the sunny plot is clearly visible, because flowers are decoration, and they should be in sight. We also take into account the convenience of watering and caring of the flower garden.
To indicate the shape and size of the flower bed, you can use anything — from beautiful masonry to plastic fences. It depends on your fantasy and the availability of materials. But a raised contour will help to take care of flowers, and give the picture a complete look.
Growing seedlings of flowers for a flower garden
If you grow seedlings yourself, then you need to decide on the choice of plants for the flower long before spring, because many annual flowers should be sown in February. Petunia, lobelia, eustoma and other annuals are easy to raise for beginners. But they grow slowly In order to get flowering seedlings by the beginning of summer, it is necessary to sow them early.
First of all, you need to start with the preparation of seeds. Not all seeds need to be soaked — granulated and very small seeds are sown without treatment. But preliminary preparation will benefit large seeds, such as seeds of nasturtium, balsam, climbing kobea, morning glory and many others.
Vitamins for plants Potassium Humate are recommended for soaking of the seeds. This remedy will not only increase the germination of seeds, but will also serve as an excellent prevention in case of nutrient deficiency.
Sowing and growing seedlings of different flowers is somewhat different, but all plants will need feeding after a while. Complex mineral fertilizers can be used as food for roots and leaves of seedlings.
The balanced composition of the necessary precisely for flowers elements will most favorably affect the development of seedlings and increase the resistance of plants to diseases and difficult weather conditions. Trace elements included in the preparation are in the form of chelates and are most fully absorbed by plants. Root and leaf feeding are carried out once every 7-10 days.
Preparing the ground for planting flowers
Soil preparation is an important point in the arrangement of the flower garden. Despite the fact that according to experts, «fed» flowers give a lot of greenery and few inflorescences, the soil should be fertile, no one will argue.
If the flower bed has not been prepared since fall, then in spring the land needs to be dug up and carefully remove the roots of weeds. Organomineral fertilizer can be added based on 50 g per 1 m ² of planting. To enrich the soil for seedlings with nutrients, 30-50 g of the preparation should be mixed well with 10 liters of soil.
This fully balanced composition of micro- and macro-elements is enriched with humic acids. 20 g of the granules can also be added during seedling directly to the hole. Organomineral fertilizer for flowers works as a growth stimulator at the beginning of vegetation and prepares plants for flowering.
Correct planting the annuals in the flower garden
So, we have a plan, the flower bed is «filled,» we choose flowers. Each florist is an artist in his/her soul, the artist who is choosing flowers, combining colors accordingly of ones taste. That is correct! But one needs to pay attention to other aspects of the composition.
It is important to consider the height and size of adult plants. Large bushes should not hide the beauty of miniature flowers. We also pay attention to the periods of flowering — in order to create a long-flowering picture. It is necessary that the flowering of some flowers is replacing by the flowering of others.
This is quite difficult to do. Not all bushes remain decorative after flowering Sometimes they have to be removed. “Baldness” can be fixed with flowers planted in the pots. Petunia, verbena, nasturtium, lobelia, viola and many others grow and bloom perfectly in pots all summer.
It is necessary to adhere to the recommended distances for plants. A far between planting will not give a bright effect, but congested planting cause of worse blooming sickness of the plants more often.
Flower Garden Care
At first, after planting, it is very important to maintain soil moisture, and water plants as necessary. In the future, when flowers take roots and grow watering can be reduced.
2-3 weeks after planting, you can begin to feed flowers. For the first feeding, use liquid complex fertilizer for flowers. The preparation is convenient to use. The unique formula perfectly combines all the necessary substances for plants. All proportions of elements are physiologically verified. The risk of overdose is reduced to zero.
Top-dressing (10 ml per 1 liter of water) contribute to the development of shoots, build up juicy foliage and prepare flowers for abundant and prolonged flowering. After such feeding, your flowers are secure of diseases caused by nutrient deficiency. The second feeding is recommended during the period of budding.
Care of the flower garden is not limited to watering and feeding alone. To please the flower garden, you need to remove weeds, trim broken leaves and branches, if necessary, pinch shoots and, of course, remove faded inflorescences. The last item contributes not only to prolonged, but also to more magnificent flowering.
Prevention of boron deficiency
When inspecting the flower garden, it is necessary to pay attention to the leaves, since the state of the leaf plate will tell about the state of the plant as a whole. Very often flowering plants lack boron, and this manifests itself in twisting leaves, marginal burn, wilting leaves and buds, yellowing, dying sprouts.
Boric acid is often used to fill the deficiency of this element. The boron content is in the form available to be adsorbed by plants. The excellent solubility of this fertilizer make the preparation indispensable for the prevention and elimination of boron deficiency. The high potassium content contributes to faster absorption of the micro element, since potassium is responsible for opening the stomata and the mechanism of absorption through the leaves. Feeding is carried out during the period of budding and flowering 1 times every 14th-21st day. For spraying (until the leave is fully wetted) use a solution of 1-2 g per 2 liters of water. For watering use 1-5 g per 10 liters of water.